Jan 26 1938
In February 1937, President Franklin D. Roosevelt proposed legislation that
would increase the number of judges on the Supreme Court, which had struck down
many of his New Deal programs. Roosevelt saw the Court’s “nine old men” (six of
the nine judges were seventy or older) as resisting the will of the president
and Congress. The bill would allow the president to add a judge for each
incumbent federal court judge who was seventy or older, which would give
Roosevelt up to six nominations for the Supreme Court.